Athribis (Inform Atrib), was an historic metropolis in Decrease Egypt, simply northeast of Benha on the hill of Kom Sidi Yusuf.
Town was as soon as the capital of the tenth Decrease Egyptian nome, reaching its peak within the second half of the primary millennium BC in the course of the Ptolemaic and Roman intervals as an essential non secular and administrative centre.
Between 1798–1801, Napoleon Bonaparte campaigned within the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria, bringing with him a contingent of scientists and students known as “savants”.
These students, primarily drawn from the Institut de France, included geologists, cartographers, engineers, chemists, mathematicians, artists, and members of the Fee des Sciences et des Arts.
The analysis compiled by the savants was revealed within the Description de l’Égypte, a collection of publications that aimed to comprehensively catalogue all recognized facets of historic and trendy Egypt, in addition to its pure historical past.
One of many websites they briefly documented was Athribis, the place artists created a collection of plates that depict most of the archaeological options, together with an aerial web site plan of town.
On the intersection of two important roads working by means of town centre, they briefly famous a small mudstone pyramid, documented within the Description de l’Égypte in Vol 5: Antiquités V : No.27.
Though the size weren’t recorded, primarily based on the mastabas showing within the aerial plan, trendy students estimate that the pyramid measured about 20 metres with an incline of fifty° on both sides, and reached a top of slightly below 16 metres.
The pyramid would stay forgotten till 1938, when a crew from Liverpool College led by archaeologist, Alan Rowe, rediscovered the monument. Rowe famous that the positioning had been severely broken by the actions of the sabbakhin (farmers plundering historic mud-brick to be used as a fertilizer), and that the pyramid was in a closely broken state.
Though time constraints meant that the LU crew the place unable to conduct additional investigations on the pyramid, they did word the importance of it being essentially the most northerly pyramid in Egypt and the one recognized instance situated within the Nile Delta.
Additional makes an attempt to find the pyramid have been carried out in 1993 by Polish Egyptologist, Andrzej Ćwiekm, nevertheless, by this time the ruins of Athribis had largely been constructed over to assemble the trendy metropolis of Banha, probably destroying the underlying archaeology and figuring out the place of the pyramid now just about not possible.