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    Title: The Mismeasure of Man
    Author: Stephen Jay Gould
    Publisher: Norton Paperback
    Publication Date: 1981
    Genre: Non-fiction, Science, History
    Pages: 272
    ISBN: 0-393-01385-4

    “The Mismeasure of Man” is a critically acclaimed book by paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould that critiques the statistical methods and cultural motivations underlying biological determinism, the belief that social and economic differences between human groups arise from inherited, inborn distinctions. The book examines the history of attempts to measure intelligence and the flawed assumptions and methods behind these efforts, highlighting the dangers of using pseudoscience to justify societal inequalities.

    The book is divided into several chapters, each focusing on a different aspect of the history of biological determinism and the measurement of intelligence. Gould critiques the work of scientists such as Samuel George Morton, Louis Agassiz, and Paul Broca, who used craniometry and other methods to measure the supposed intellectual inferiority of certain racial and ethnic groups. He also examines the development of intelligence testing and the concept of the IQ score, arguing that these methods are flawed and biased.

    The book has been widely praised for its thought-provoking and well-researched critique of biological determinism and the measurement of intelligence. It has been credited with helping to challenge the notion that intelligence can be accurately measured by a single metric and has been influential in the development of critical thinking and skepticism about the use of pseudoscience to justify societal inequalities.

    The book received many positive reviews in the literary and popular press, while scientific reception was highly polarized. Positive reviews focused on the book’s critique of scientific racism, the concept of general intelligence, and biological determinism, while critics accused Gould of historical inaccuracy, unclear reasoning, or political bias. The book won the National Book Critics Circle award and has been widely read and discussed in academic and popular circles.

    [1] https://tiki.vn/sach-the-mismeasure-of-man-by-stephen-jay-gould-us-edition-paperback-p170675229.html
    [2] https://www.blinkist.com/en/books/the-mismeasure-of-man-en
    [3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Mismeasure_of_Man
    [4] http://biopolitics.kom.uni.st/Stephen%20Jay%20Gould/The%20Mismeasure%20of%20Man%20%28148%29/The%20Mismeasure%20of%20Man%20-%20Stephen%20Jay%20Gould.pdf